A Travellerspoint blog

Entries about yamdrok

Tibet to Nepal

over sacred lakes and mountains


View Himalayas on PetersF's travel map.

October 1st Lhasa, Tibet

Our last day in Tibet. After breakfast we retrieved our passports and the minibus collected us for our drive to the airport. As we left Lhasa, the driver (Tashi Delek) said he’d take us over the river to get a nice view of Lhasa and the Potala as it was so sunny.
31e84e80-c6f4-11eb-8f3f-b1a76787c1cb.pngbridge-lhasa-tibet_46714794851_o.jpg

Lhasa (Kyichu) River 吉中/ 拉萨河 Altitude: 3,580 to 5,200 m. Originating from the middle part of the Nyainqentanglha Mountain's north face, Lhasa River flows through Meldro Gungkar County, Dagze County and Lhasa City and eventually merges into Yarlung Tsangbo River. As the longest tributary of Yarlung Tsangbo River, it drains an area of about 32,471 km2. Lhasa River is called Kyichu River in Tibetan, which means 'Happy River'. There is a saying that an ancient clan named Kyichu once lived along the river. Lhasa River influenced Lhasa City's development. In 633AD, Songtsen Gampo moved the capital to Lhasa Valley, which developed into the political, economic and cultural centre of Tibet. With an area of approx 16,000 km2, it supports a population of around 600,000. It is famed as one of the three largest largest granaries in Tibet. The other two are Nia-Chu River Valley and Yarlung Tsangbo River Valley.
32c91190-c6f4-11eb-ab57-f9ec3578858c.pngkarjiang-table-mt_31774535857_o.jpg
Left- Kyichu valley in Autumn colours; right- mountains between Bhutan and Tibet (north faces) from the left Karjiang II 7045m (unclimbed) and Karijang III (Taptol Kangri) 6824m- look like 1 mountain, Karjiang I 7221m (unclimbed), Kula Kangri (divided NE 7381m Central 7418m, Main 7538m), dip down, then Jiexiang 6676m, Gangsha Lamo 6722m, snowfield to N.Gangkar Punsum 6885m (unconfirmed) and Gangkhar Phuensum 7570m (unclimbed) centre, Gejag Kangri I 6944m and Geja Kangri II 6920m, dip in which forefront is P5962, long mountain plateau ends with Table Mountain (Chomolhari Kang/ Zangophu Kang 7034m.

We were chatting about Buddhist images and Drolma explained about “mud” statues. These are Tsha Tshas, and are small clay figurines unique to Tibet. Their small size made them convenient for early Buddhist pilgrims to take. They have characteristics associated with different monasteries. Tsha Tshas features images of Buddha, Buddhist deities and Bodhisattvas. There are round, square and triangular types, usually a few cm wide. Some consist of a single image while some are comprised of hundreds of images. The most common raw material for Tsha Tsha is clay, shaped using a concave-shaped mould, then dried or fired in a kiln. Sometimes colours are painted on. Wild oats or sacred objects are embedded into the back at the time od making. Valuable Tsha Tshas are made with precious “medicinal” materials such as pearl, agate and saffron embedded in them. Such figurines are believed to provide curing properties as well spiritual assistance. The most precious Tsha Tshas are made of the mixture of clay and the ashes/remains of a lama. They are like mini stupas and are carried as amulets capable of warding off wickedness and strong magic. Tibetan monks and lay persons make Tsha Tsha is to accumulate Buddhist merit. The completed Tsha Tsha is mainly used to fill the inner shrines of bigger stupas or statues. Tsha Tsha are also used for dispelling illness or praying for good luck. Sometimes they are worshiped at Tsha-khangs, sacred cairns placed at sacred mountain, lakes and caves. Tsha Tshas are often found with prayer flags and Mani Stones.

Yaks
Finally we got to see the wildlife of Tibet. We stopped to look at various birds and mammals. Luckily we saw several wild and domestic yak herds. Yaks, of course, are a hugely symbolic creature for Tibetans. They use every part of a whole yak; the meat (totally delicious), milk, butter, fat (cooking, lighting, heating), bones (kitchen implements, tools, decoration) and so on. The horns (and skull) have a specific function; they are put over the entrance to a dwelling as protection (and welcome), probably from the old shamanistic Bon religion.
The domestic yak (Bos grunniens) is a long-haired domesticated bovid found in the Himalayan region of the Indian subcontinent, Tibetan Plateau and as far north as Mongolia. It is descended from the wild yak (Bos mutus). The English word "yak" originates from Tibetan: གཡག་. In Tibetan, it refers only to the male, the female being called Tibetan: འབྲི་: 'bri. In English, we tend to say yak bull or cow. Yaks belong to the genus Bos and are therefore related to cattle. Mitochondrial DNA analyses to determine the evolutionary history of yaks have been inconclusive. They may have diverged from cattle at any point between one and five million years ago, and there is some suggestion that it may be more closely related to bison. The species was originally designated as Bos grunniens ("grunting ox") by Linnaeus in 1766, but this name is now generally only considered to refer to the domesticated form of the animal, with Bos mutus ("mute ox") being the preferred name for the wild species. Both sexes have long shaggy hair with a dense woolly undercoat over the chest, flanks, and thighs to insulate them from the cold. Especially in bulls, this may form a long "skirt" that can reach the ground. The tail is long and horse like rather than tufted like cattle or bison.
large_8b105f30-bbdb-11eb-a746-4b3de0cf38b3.png
Domesticated yaks have a wide range of coat colours, white, grey, brown, roan or piebald. The udder in females and the scrotum in males are small and hairy, as protection against the cold. Yaks grunt and don’t produce the characteristic bovine lowing (mooing) sound. Yak physiology is well adapted to high altitudes, having larger lungs and heart than cattle, as well as greater capacity for transporting oxygen through their blood due to the persistence of foetal haemoglobin throughout life. Conversely, yaks have trouble thriving at lower altitudes, and are prone to suffering from heat exhaustion above about 15 °C. Further adaptations to the cold include a thick layer of subcutaneous fat, and an almost complete lack of functional sweat glands. Compared with domestic cattle, the rumen of yaks is unusually large, relative to the omasum. This likely allows them to consume greater quantities of low-quality food at a time, and to ferment it longer so as to extract more nutrients. Yak consume the equivalent of 1% of their body weight daily while cattle require 3% to maintain condition. Contrary to popular belief, yak and their manure have little to no detectable odour and their wool is naturally odour resistant. ln Tibet and Mongolia, domestic cattle are crossbred with yaks. This gives rise to the infertile male dzo མཛོ། as well as fertile females known as མཛོ་མོ། dzomo or zhom, which may be crossed again with cattle. Domesticated yaks have been kept for thousands of years, primarily for their milk, fibre and meat, and as beasts of burden. Their dried droppings are an important fuel, used all over Tibet, and are often the only fuel available on the high treeless Tibetan Plateau. Yaks transport goods across mountain passes for local farmers and traders as well as for climbing and trekking expeditions. They are used to draw ploughs. Yak's milk is often processed to a cheese called chhurpi in Tibetan, and byaslag in Mongolia. Butter made of yak's milk is an ingredient of the butter tea that Tibetans consume in large quantities, and is also used in lamps and made into butter sculptures used in religious festivities.
The wild yak (Bos mutus) is a large wild bovid native to the Himalayas. It is the ancestor of the domestic yak (Bos grunniens). The ancestor of the wild and domestic yak is thought to have diverged from Bos primigenius at a point between one and five million years ago. The wild yak is now normally treated as a separate species from the domestic yak (Bos grunniens), but they breed together very easily. The coat is typically black or dark brown covering most of the body, with a grey muzzle, although some wild golden-brown individuals have been reported. Wild yaks with gold coloured hair are known as the Wild Golden Yak and are considered an endangered subspecies, with an estimated population of 170 left in the wild. The diet of wild yaks consists largely of grasses and sedges, such as Carex, Stipa, and Kobresia. They also eat a smaller amount of herbs, winterfat shrubs, and mosses, and have even been reported to eat lichen. Historically, the main natural predator of the wild yak has been the Tibetan wolf, but brown bears and snow leopards have been reported as predators of young or infirm wild yaks. Wild yaks are herd animals of up to several hundred. Herds consist primarily of females and young, with a smaller number of adult males. On average female yaks graze 100m higher than males.The remaining males are either solitary, or found in small groups of around six individuals. Groups move into lower altitude ranges during the winter.

large_85c84a60-bbdb-11eb-a746-4b3de0cf38b3.png
We finally arrived at the airport and had a few bureaucratic hoops to leave (surprisingly) before boarding our plane. It was a glorious sunny day again and we had chosen to sit the opposite side as going out so we could see the whole Tibetan Plain, the wonderful lakes AND the mountains. The views were just spectacular.
We started on the Plateau, which is high already, so the “hills” did not look so impressive. However, we soon came into sight of the glorious lakes region, of which the largest and most impressive are sacred Yamdrok, and Puma Yumco, both deep turquoise. In the background were the Himalayan ranges that make the border between Tibet and Bhutan.
large_84cab080-bbdb-11eb-8b6e-dde27ba42ffd.png
Yamdrok Lake (Yamdrok Yumtso/ Yamzho Yumco ཡར་དྲོག་ ག་་མཚོ་ =yar-'drog/ G’yu-mtsho/ Yamzhog Yumco, Yángzhu Yngcuò) is a freshwater lakes in Tibet. It is over 72 km long, surrounded by snow-capped mountains and fed by numerous small streams. The lake has an outlet stream at its far western end. Yamdrok means turquoise, due to its colour. Like mountains, lakes are considered sacred by Tibetan people, the principle being that they are the dwelling places of protective deities and therefore invested with special spiritual powers. Yamdrok Lake is a particularly holy lakes, thought to be divinatory; everyone from the Dalai Lama to local villagers makes pilgrimages there. It is considered one of the four "Great Wrathful Lakes" guarded by the goddess Dorje Gegkyi Tso (the others are Lhamo La-tso, Namtso and Manasarovar). The lake is revered as a talisman and said to be part of the life-spirit of Tibet. The largest lake in southern Tibet, it is said that if its waters dry, Tibet will no longer be habitable. The lake, its islands, and surrounding area are closely associated with Padmasambhava, the Second Buddha, who brought Buddhism to Tibet in 8th century AD. The lake is home to the famous Samding Monastery on a peninsula jutting into the lake. This monastery is the only Tibetan monastery to be headed by a female re-incarnation. Since it is not a nunnery, its female abbot heads a community of about 30 monks and nuns. Samding is where Samding Dorje Phagmo, the most important female incarnate Lama in Tibet, presided, and stands to the south of Lake Yamdrok Yumtso. Pilgrims and tourists can walk along the lake's perimeter. One of the lake's islands contains an old fort or castle called Pede Dzong.
85926d50-bbdb-11eb-a5a2-630157291b84.pngover-the-himalayas_30417892747_o.jpglarge_8571ed00-bbdb-11eb-97c2-bd7701dc1fc0.pngover-the-himalayas_45307469062_o.jpgyamdrock-lake-over-the-himalayas_45357677291_o.jpg
Lake Puma Yumco ཕུ་མ་གཡུ་མཚོ is located at 5,030m on the southern Tibetan Plateau. It is 32 km long, 14 km wide, and covers an area of 280 km2. Streams of water from the snow capped surrounding mountains feed the lake, but it has no outlet. Some sediment can be seen entering the lake at its western end. Puma Yumco literally means The Blue Jewel Floating in the Sky. The lake freezes in winter and is crossed by shepherds with their sheep. Since the climate is warming, the ice is becoming thinner which creates a problem for the 120 people living around the lake. The lake is considered ultraoligotrophic, meaning that nutrient concentrations in both the water column and lake sediments are extremely low. Water in such lakes tends to be blue to blue-green and to have high clarity due to low levels of photosynthesizing organisms such as phytoplankton. During the winter, the lake develops intricate ice block patterns on the surface, ranging from 10 - <100m diameter. The ice pattern is caused by repeated cycles of freezing, fracturing and refreezing of the ice due to variations in temperature and wind-induced ice motion.

Noijin Kangsang (Norin Kang), is the highest peak of Lhagoi Kangri mountain range in Tibet. It lies between Yarlung Tsangpo River (north), Yamdrok Lake (east) and the Himalayas mountain range (South).
yamdrock-lake-over-the-himalayas_45357677291_o.jpg
Looking from Kamba La to Yamdrok Yumtso, with towering Noijinkangsang in the distance; from the air. Elevation 7,191 m Ranked 105th. Prominence 2,145m Col 5046m
In the distance was the Himalayan range dividing Bhutan-Tibet-Nepal. From the left it rose from virtually nothing up to Karjiang II 7045m (unclimbed) and Karjiang III (Taptol Kangri) 6824m. They look like 1 mountain, and as with many around Bhutan are unclimbed due to religious regions. This continued to Karjiang I 7221m (unclimbed), and Kula Kangri (divided into 3 peaks- NE 7381m Central 7418m, Main 7538m). After these there was a deep dip down, then Jiexiang 6676m and Gangsha Lamo 6722m. This was followed by a large snowfield and N.Gangkar Punsum 6885m? (unconfirmed) and Gangkhar Phuensum 7570m (unclimbed) [in the centre of the photo below]. The next mountains were Gejag Kangri I 6944m and Geja Kangri II 6920m, with a dip in the forefront and P5962. The long mountain plateau ends with Table Mountain (Chomolhari Kang/ Zangophu Kang) 7034m.
large_857ff6c0-bbdb-11eb-9a10-57154858067a.pnglarge_853cd340-bbdb-11eb-a746-4b3de0cf38b3.png
Karjiang is a mountain in Tibet, located near the Bhutan–China border. The highest peak of the Karjiang group is Karjiang I or Karjiang South, with an elevation of 7,221 metres it remains unclimbed. Other peaks include Karjiang North (7196 m), Karjiang II/Central (7045 m), Karjiang III or Taptol Kangri (6820 m) and the top of the north-eastern shoulder (6400 m). In 1986, a Japanese expedition led by N. Shigo climbed Karjiang II (Central). Karjiang I remains unclimbed. A Dutch expedition climbed Karjiang III as Karjiang I looked very steep and difficult to climb, and the bad weather made an attempt too dangerous. In 2010, Joe Puryear and David Gottlieb attempted climbing Karjiang. However, they did not receive the necessary permit, and made an attempt to climb Labuche Kang 420 km west, during which Puryear died.

Kula Kangri (7554m) is claimed by many authorities to be the highest mountain in Bhutan but this is disputed by others, who claim that Kula Kangri is wholly in Tibet. The mountain occupies two ranges, the Himalaya and Bhutan Himalaya. Chinese and Japanese authorities claim nearby Gangkhar Puensum is higher, and the claim that Kula Kangri is in or on the border with Bhutan is challenged here. Prominence 1,669m, col 5884m.

Gangkhar Puensum གངས་དཀར་སྤུན་གསུམ་ Kangkar Punsum, Gangkar Punsum or Gankar Punzum) is the highest mountain in Bhutan and a strong candidate for the highest unclimbed mountain in the world with an elevation of 7,570 m and a prominence of 2,995 m (and col of 4575m). Its name means "White Peak of the Three Spiritual Brothers". It lies on the border with Tibet (however, see below for disputes about its exact location). After Bhutan was opened for mountaineering in 1983 four expeditions resulted in failed attempts in 1985/6. However, in 1998, a team successfully climbed a subsidiary peak of the mountain from Tibet. The elevation of Gangkhar Puensum was first measured in 1922 but maps of the region were not accurate and the mountain was shown in different locations with markedly different heights.
8544c280-bbdb-11eb-8b6e-dde27ba42ffd.png
Kula Kangri and Gophu La pass
Indeed, because of inadequate mapping, the first team to attempt the summit was unable to find the mountain at all. The 1986 British expedition gives the mountain's height as 7,550 m and states that Gangkhar Puensum is completely inside Bhutan, with nearby Kula Kangri is completely inside Tibet. Kula Kangri, 7,554 metres, is a separate mountain 30 km to the NE variously mapped and described as being in Tibet or Bhutan. In
1994 climbing mountains in Bhutan higher than 6,000 m has been prohibited out of respect for local spiritual beliefs, and since 2003 mountaineering has been forbidden completely. Gangkhar Puensum may keep its unique status for some time: any higher unclimbed peaks in the world are likely to be subsidiary tops, not separate mountains. In 1998 a Japanese expedition secured permission from the Chinese Mountaineering Association to climb the mountain, but permission was withdrawn because of a political issue with Bhutan. Instead, in 1999, the team set off from Tibet and successfully climbed the 7,535 metre subsidiary peak Liankang Kangri (aka Gangkhar Puensum North). Unlike most maps, the expedition's report shows this summit as being in Tibet and the Tibet–Bhutan border crossing the summit of Gangkhar Puensum.

Gejag Kangri is a mountain in the Himalayas in the south of Tibet (PR China). Gejag Kangri has an altitude of 6970m (6944 m from other sources). The mountain is located north of the eastern Himalayan main ridge in a region claimed by China and Bhutan. The glaciated mountain lies 10.87 km east-northeast of Zongophu Kang (7047 m). The west flank of the Gejag Kangri feeds Lake Puma Yumco, while the eastern slopes of the Lhobrak Chhu, a tributary of the Manas, are drained. 3.24 km south-southeast rises the 6950 m high Gejag Kangri South.
P5962 is a peak in the Himalayas with no name, its reference is its height, 5962m.

Jomolhari/ Chomolhari ཇོ་མོ་ལྷ་རི 7326m sometimes known as "the bride of Kangchenjunga”, or Table Mountain is a mountain in the Himalayas, straddling the border between Yadong County of Tibet and Thimphu district of Bhutan. Prominence 2,077m, col 5249m. The north face rises over 2,700 m above the barren plains. The mountain is the source of the Paro Chhu (Paro river) which flows from the south side and the Amo Chhu which flows from the north side. The mountain is sacred to Tibetan Buddhists who believe it is the abode of one of the Five Tsheringma Sisters (jo mo tshe ring mched lnga), female protector goddesses (Jomo) of Tibet and Bhutan, who were bound under oath by Padmasambhava to protect the land, Buddhist faith and local people. On the Bhutanese side is a Jomolhari Temple, toward the south side of the mountain about a half-day's journey from Thangthangkha and Jangothang at an altitude of 4150 m for pilgrims visiting Mt. Jomolhari. There are several other sacred sites near Jomolhari Temple, including the meditation caves of Milarepa and Gyalwa Lorepa. Within an hour's walk up from the temple at an altitude of 4450 m is Tseringma Lhatso, the "spirit lake" of Tsheringma. In Tibet there is an annual pilgrimage from Pagri to a holy lake, Jomo Lharang, which lies at 5,100 m elevation, just north of the mountain. Because Jomolhari the sacred home of goddesses, those living nearby believed it was impossible to climb, and that anyone who climbed too high would be thrown down. Despite its spectacular visibility from the old trade route between India and Lhasa that passes through the Chumbi Valley, the mountain has seen little climbing activity, only being summitted in 1937 and 1970. In the second Dorjee Lhatoo and Prem Chand were charged with laying a "Sachu Bumter" offering on the summit by the Bhutanese King to “appease” mountain deities, a pot containing gold, silver and precious stones. The following day, a second party of three were spotted close to the ridge when they became obscured by cloud. When the cloud lifted, they were gone. A telephoto lens and fruit cans were found on the ridge by a search party. Prem Chand went up to the ridge and reported gunshots thudding into the ice and whipping up ice chips, ending any attempts in locating the missing bodies. Lhatoo and Prem Chand, on their way up during their successful and Prem Chand, on their way up summit attempt had reported seeing a lot of PLA activity on the summit attempt had reported seeing a lo Lhasa-Chumbi highway. The reason for their disappearance remains speculative- did they fall or were they shot? All three were relatively inexperienced climbers and Lhatoo later speculated on the exposure on the knife-edged ridge leading to the summit slope as a possible incident. He (an ex-Gurkha) believed the shooting theory to be unlikely but possible, citing his difficulty in estimating the distance between the ridge and possible Chinese positions on the Tibetan side. An expedition account is available in the Himalayan Journal 2000. Prem Chan has not spoken publicly on the matter. Chinese displeasure with Bhutan over the expedition and sensitivities in New Delhi led to a complete media blackout.
gosaikunda-lake-himalayas_43541939590_o.jpg
Chomolhari mountain, glacier and glacial lake.
Behind Chomolhari were Liankang Kangri and Gangkar Puensum (Kangkar Phünsum). Liangkang Kangri is a mountain peak in the Himalayas on the border between Bhutan and China, at the southeastern end of territory claimed by both countries. Liangkang Kangri is 7,535 m high. To the south, a ridge leads to the 7,570-m Gangkhar Puensum 2 km to the south-southeast . Due to the low saddle height of 234 m, Liangkang Kangri is not regarded as an independent mountain. Westward a ridge leads to the 6,680-m high Chumhari Kang. The Liangkanggletscher on the northwest flank and the Namsanggletscher on the eastern flank of Liangkang Kangri form the headwaters of the Lhobrak Chhu, a source river of Kuri Chhu. The glacier on the southwest flank belongs to the catchment area of Angde Chhu. Soon after this we began passing the north face of the Kanchenjunga (Kangchendzonga) range and some time after the Everest range.
Kangphu Kang/Shimokangri is a mountain in the Himalayas, whose parent peak is Tongshanjiabu. At 7,204 m above sea level it is the 107th highest mountain in the world. The peak is located on the border between Tibet and Bhutan. The mountain has two significant subsidiary peaks, both located within Bhutan:

  • Jejekangphu Kang (elevation = 6,965 m; prominence = 925 m)
  • Kangphu Kang II (elevation = 6,945 m; prominence = 725 m) Kangphu Kang was first climbed in 2002 by a South Korean expedition. Parent peak Tongshanjiabu Kirat Chuli

Tongshanjiabu ཊོང་ ཤན་ ཇིཨ་ བུ་ is a mountain in the Himalayas. At 7,207 m tall, Tongshanjiabu is the 103rd tallest mountain in the world. It sits in the disputed border territory between Bhutan and China. Tongshanjiabu has never been officially climbed. The name "Tongshanjiabu" is indicated on a map from the Japanese The region's highpoint is sometimes given as "Teri Kang", but this appears to be the name of a subsidiary top. Prominence 1757m col 5450m.
Kirat Chuli or Tent Peak is a mountain in the Himalayas. It lies on the border between Nepal and India. Elevation 7,365 m Prominence 1,168m.Kirat People or Kirati Limbu Kirat Mundhum Kirat Chuli name in the Limbu language God Kirat and is believed to be an abode of the omnipotent goddess Yuma Sammang of Sikkim Limbu People.
Jongsong Peak is a mountain in the Janak section of the Himalayas. At 7,462 m it is the 57th highest peak in the world, although it is dominated by 3rd highest, Kangchenjunga, 20 km to the south. Jongsong's summit is on tri-junction of India, Nepal and China. An adjoining peak is called called Dome Kang. Langtang Ri is a mountain in the Langtang Himal of the Himalayas. At an elevation of 7,205 m it is the 106th highest mountain in the world. Located on the border between the Bagmati Zone, Nepal and Tibet, it is part of a group of high peaks that include Shishapangma (8,013 m) and Porong Ri (7,292 m). Porong Ri is a mountain in the Langtang region of the Himalayas. At 7,292 m it is the 86th highest mountain in the world. The peak is located in Tibet 1 km northeast of the Nepal border.
Shishapangma ཤི་ཤ་སྦང་མ། aka Gosainthān शिशापाङ्मा Shishāpāngmā or गोसाईथान Gōsāīthān, is the 14th highest mountain in the world at 8,027 m above sea level. It was the last 8,000 metre peak to be climbed, due to its location entirely within Tibet and the restrictions on foreign travellers imposed by China. The name means "grassy plain/meadow" (pangma) above a "comb/ "range" (shisha or chisa) in the local Tibetan dialect, ie "crest above the grassy plains Alternatively it is from Standard Tibetan shisha "meat of an animal that died of natural causes" and sbangma "malt dregs from brewing beer". According to the story, one year a heavy snowfall killed most of the animals at pasture. All that the people living near the mountain had to eat was the meat of dead animals and malt dregs leftover from brewing beer, and so the mountain was named Shisha Pangma (shisha sbangma) ie "meat of dead animals and malty dregs".
84a83460-bbdb-11eb-bd2b-8950ce470db9.png857150c0-bbdb-11eb-945d-3d3b48ca524e.png
Shishapangma (left) from mountain flight, Nepal
The Sanskrit name, Gosainthan, means "place of the saint" or "Abode of God". Shishapangma is in south-central Tibet, 5 km from the border with Nepal and the only 8000er entirely within Tibet. It is also the highest peak in the Jugal Himal which is contiguous with and often considered part of Langtang Himal, which straddles the Tibet/Nepal border. Since Shishapangma is on the dry north side of the Himalayan crest and further from the lower terrain of Nepal, it has less dramatic vertical relief than most major Himalayan peaks. Shishapangma has a subsidiary peak higher than 8000 m: Central-Peak 8008 m. Shishapangma's ascent is still in dispute.
19977e50-bbdc-11eb-a5a2-630157291b84.jpg190f1470-bbdc-11eb-a5a2-630157291b84.jpg18e174c0-bbdc-11eb-97c2-bd7701dc1fc0.jpghimalayas-tibet-nepal_50111621337_o.jpg gosaikunda-lake-himalayas_43541941010_o.jpgGosaikunda Lake
himalayas-tibet-nepal_50111386751_o.jpghimalayas-tibet-nepal_50111386481_o.jpg

Posted by PetersF 07:43 Archived in Nepal Tagged himalayas nepal tibet lhasa kathmandu yamdrok Comments (0)

(Entries 1 - 1 of 1) Page [1]